Geophysical Prospection of Archaeological Sites

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Different geophysical methods are used for detection, classifying and documentation of various archaeological objects.

The project Geophysical Prospection of Archaeological Sites of the government of Baden-Württemberg, Germany, was started in the end of 1991 by the author. Up to now methods used are: Geomagnetics, Geoelectrics, Electromagnetic Induction and Ground Penetrating Radar.

Some of the results of our mappings are presented on this site. To have a look on it just click in the main menu at the button corresponding to the country (Examples -> select country) you are interested in.

If you prefer a larger view of the result, just click on it.


An overview of the instrumentation used for geophysical surveys is given in the following table.

Method Equipment / Instruments

Ground Penetrating Radar 


SIR-3000 manufactured by GSSI

antennas used: 200 MHz, 400 MHz, 1500 MHz

Electromagnetic Induction 


electromagnetic instruments:

EM-61 and EM-38 from Geometrics  

multifrequential instruments



Fluxgate Gradiometer:

FEREX 4.032 4-channel gradiometer: Institute Dr. Foerster

LEA D2 MAX 10-channel gradiometer (since 2013): Eastern Atlas GmbH / Institute Dr. Foerster



Cs-3 sensors: Scintrex, electronics: picodas Group




RM-15 from Geoscan Research  

"semi-self-made" tomographic instruments


NOTE: No informations on the locations are given in those cases where no excavations were carried out so far, but where the results may be of great interest for people loving digging for their own at unusual hours....

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© Harald von der Osten-Woldenburg, Ph.D.

Updated: Aug/11/2015